Lord Derby Eland

The zoological and taxonomical classification for Eland antelope recognises the following species and sub--species of Eland being:

Tragelaphus oryx

The Common Cape Eland (Tragelaphus oryx) – Southern African distribution
The Livingstone Eland (Tragelaphus livingstonii) – Southern African distribution
The Pattersons Eland (Tragelaphus pattersonianus) – East African distribution

Tragelaphus derbianus

The Eastern Lord Derby Eland (Tragelaphus derbianus gigas) – Central African distribution in Cameroon and CAR
The Western Lord Derby Eland (Tragelaphus derbianus derbianus) – Western African distribution in Senegal

The Eland antelope is from the class mammalia, order artiodactyla, a species of the family bovidae, sub-family bovinae and genus tragelaphus

Both the common Cape Eland and the Livingstone Eland are abundant in South Africa.

The Lord Derby Eland have two sub-species being the Western Lord Derby Eland and the Eastern Lord Derby Eland. The Western Lord Derby Eland is now considered critically endangered and it is said that it presently numbers between 100 and 150 animals. These magnificent animals exist in a protected reserve in Senegal in the Niokolo Koba National Park. A specific project to support the survival of this species is being conducted under the auspices of the Czech University of Life Sciences (CULS), Praque. Valuable information relating to the biological characteristics, habitat and ecology, capture, translocation, keeping in quarantine and breeding in the conservation of the Lord Derby Eland has been obtained through this project. Derbianus Game Breeders is in the process of formalising an agreement with CULS following a visit to Praque during October 2013 in terms of which substantial research support will be provided respectively. The official status of the Western Lord Derby Eland is Critically Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Endangered Species.  

The IUCN classification for the Eastern Lord Derby Eland is Lower Risk – near threatened. It is unfortunately a given fact that this magnificent antelope species is under serious threat. Although it used to be commonly found throughout the Western and Central African region it is now limited to Cameroon and the CAR as the populations in Chad, Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and the Congo has now also become extinct. Investigations have also revealed that the majority of Lord Derby Eland is found in Cameroon in the Bouba Ndjija National Park (bordering on the east with Chad) and the Faro National Park (bordering on the west with Nigeria). Serious poaching for bush meat both from the east (Chad) as well as the west (Nigeria) is putting substantial pressure on the survival of this sub-species.

Following various field trips into Cameroon Central Africa Derbianus Game Breeders is convinced that the current estimation of the world population is severely overstated and that there is probably not more than 5000 Eastern Lord Derby Eland roaming free in the wild.

The Lord Derby Eland, although seriously threatened is not a CITES listed antelope due to the fact that it is not generally traded in.


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