Introduction

In order to address any potential negative consequences and the possibility of the introduction and spreading of animal diseases Derbianus Game Breeders has commenced with a formal Risk Analysis based on the sanitary measures recommended by the World Organisation for Animal Health, formerly known as the Office International des Epizooties - the OIE - as determined in the Terrestrial Animal Health Code 2012 and the Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals 2012.

The OIE recognises the critical importance of international trade and requires that members to the OIE should base their import measures on the OIE standards and not arbitrary policy. Such an approach provides for:

  • Safe international trade in animal products;
  • The avoidance of unjustified trade barriers;
  • A strong presumption of compliance with the World Trade Organisation Agreement on the application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures (the SPS Agreement).

The Animal Health Code and the Manual of Diagnostic Tests contain science based recommendations for disease reporting, prevention and control and for assuring safe international trade in terrestrial animals and their products. It details the sanitary measures for animal diseases, including zoonoses which should be used by the veterinary services and other competent authorities of importing and exporting countries. Correctly applied, these measures can prevent the introduction and spread, via animals or agents that are pathogenic for animals and/or humans. The Manual of Diagnostic Tests contain OIE approved international standards on quality management in testing laboratories, principles of validation and quality control of diagnostic assays and diagnostic testing methods for specific diseases.

In Chapter 2.1.5 of the Manual of Diagnostic Tests the OIE states that the evidence indicates that in the past infection of deer was derived from contact, direct or indirect with infected domestic animals and that apart from African Buffalo, wildlife has not so far been shown to be able to maintain Foot and Mouth Disease viruses independently for more than a few months.

The Animal Health Code determines that should an importing country decide to permit the importation of animals using the appropriate sanitary standards recommended in the Animal Health Code it would eliminate the need for a risk assessment. Derbianus Game Breeders will however complete a comprehensive Risk Analysis process inclusive of Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment, Exposure Assessment, Consequence Assessment, Risk Estimation and proposed Risk Management Strategy, Risk Communication throughout and peer review of the Final Risk Analysis Report.

Derbianus Game Breeders has appointed one of the leading veterinary experts in the world, Dr G Thompson to attend to the compilation of the base information for purposes of conducting a Risk Analysis.


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